JEEVA PARAMATHMA IKYA PRAKARANA OF JNANA SINDHU
('INDIVIDUAL SOUL UNDER MAYA & FORMLESS GOD
BEYOND MAYA ARE ONE'- CHAPTER OF JNANA SINDHU)
WHAT IS JEEVA ?
THE INDIVIDUAL SOUL WHICH HAS IDENTIFIED
WITH BODY IS JEEVA DUE TO MAYA(ILLUSION) &
WHAT IS PARAMATHMA(GREAT DIVINE SOUL) ?
FORMLESS BRAHMAN(GOD) WHO IS INFINITE, PURE,
WITHOUT CHARACTERISTICS, BEYOND COMPARISON,
BEYOND MAYA, SAT(WITHOUT BEGINNING OR END)
-CHIT(CONSCIOUSNESS) - ANANDA(BLISS), ETC.
WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN
JEEVA & PARAMATHMA ?
PARAMATHMA, EXCEPT THAT JEEVA IS UNDER THE
CONTROL OF MAYA WITH ILLUSORY BODY, WHILE
PARAMATHMA(SAME AS BRAHMAN, ATHMA) IS
FORMLESS BEYOND MAYA.
NOTE: ISHWARA, GOD WITH FORM AS IN TEMPLES,
WHAT IS IKYA ?
CLARITY AS 'ONE & SAME'
WE WANT TO REPEAT HERE FIFTH SLOKA OF
MAYA PANCHAKAM OF ADI SHANKARACHARYA
WHICH IS AS FOLLOWS --
5. Alas! Maya, which is adept at making the impossible
happen, creates in Brahman which is homogeneous,
without any parts, distinctions such as Brahma, Vishnu
and Siva and thereby perplexes even the learned by
making them look upon Brahma, Vishnu, and Siva as
different from one another.
SECOND & THIRD SLOKAS OF ATHMA PANCHAKAM
OF SHANKARACHARYA --
For due to absence of Jnana.
I ascribe life in to lifeless thing.
And when the realized one points it out,
I wake up from this illusion,
And understand that it is a rope and not a snake.
Similarly I am not the jeeva but Shiva,
Which I only understand by the teaching of the great teacher.
Which has the form of truth and joy,
Similar to the dream which I see due to veil of sleep,
For I am the pure complete, perennial and single Shiva.
RESPECT TO GOD SUCH AS 'PARAMATHMA'
'PARA-BRAHMAN', 'BRAHMAN', 'ATHMA' ALL
THESE NAMES REFER TO ONE FORMLESS GOD
WHICH IS BEYOND MAYA. EXPERIENCING
FORMLESS GOD IS VERY DIFFICULT & GENERALLY
SUCH A PERSON HAS MADE SADHANA OVER
MANY BIRTHS, RESULT OF WHICH WILL BE
CULMINATED WHEN RIPE IN A SUBSEQUENT BIRTH !
PRANAVA SOUND ॐ - OM KARA IS ASSOCIATED
WITH FORMLESS GOD(AS WELL AS GOD WITH FORM)
CHARACTERISTICS OF FORMLESS GOD IS INFINITE
& NOBODY CAN KNOW ALL OF THEM FOR CERTAIN
TILL THEY ARE IN HUMAN BODY MADE OUT OF
PANCHA BHUTHAS(FIVE BASIC ELEMENTS).
NAME 'ISHWARA' OR 'ESHWARA' IS USED TO THE
SAME ONE GOD, HOWEVER WITH DIFFERING
CHARACTERISTICS SUCH AS "WITH FORM", WHICH
CONTROLS MAYA, DEPENDING ON FORM GIVEN TO
GOD MOSTLY BASED ON PURANA STORIES, OR
STHALA(PLACE) PURANAS, ALSO FORMS WITH
MALE FORMS, CHARACTERISTICS, FEMALE FORMS,
CHARACTERISTICS, OR BOTH LIKE
ARDHANARISHWARA, OR MIXTURE OF TRINITY LIKE
'HARI-HARA' ETC. CHARACTERISTICS OF
GOD LOOKS RESTRICTED APPLICABLE TO THAT
FORM. MIND FINDS IT EASIER TO CONCENTRATE ON
GOD WITH FORM.
TO MAKE THIS MORE CLEAR --
*INDIVIDUAL SOUL, WORLD & GOD
Individual soul, the world & God appear to be different
from one another only because of the limiting adjuncts.
Intrinsically, there is neither difference nor identity among
them, for all the three are in essence Pure Consciousness,
homogeneous like a lump of salt. When the unconditioned
Self has, as the limiting adjuncts, the body and organs
which are characterized it by ignorance, desire and
action is called the transmigrating
INDIVIDUAL SOUL(JEEVA). When the limiting adjunct
is the power of eternal and unlimited knowledge, which
is Maya, the same Self(Athma) is known as
ISHWARA(conditioned by MAYA)or MAYAVI, who is the
antaryaamin or Inner Controller of the whole
WORLD(MAYIKAM). The same Self(Athma), free from all
limiting adjuncts, is
FORMLESS GOD(BRAHMAN, PARAMATHMA).
JNANA SINDHU --
('INDIVIDUAL SOUL UNDER MAYA &
FORMLESS GOD BEYOND MAYA ARE ONE'-
CHAPTER OF JNANA SINDHU)
Shanmukha ! I shall explain to you what is written in Vedas
which is the essence of Shruthi, understand this well.
Knowing you yourself is Athma, thinking all things seen are
Athma only, Jeeva-Athma-Ikya knowledge naturally dawns
in you.The difference imagined in Athma is due to limitation
(upadhikrtha) in Jnana resulting in wrong thinking. In nija
(real) Samadhi, Jnana dwans resulting Athma Tattva-Ikya
ie, only ONE ATHMA -- which we call JEEVA depending on
ignorance(upadhi) of that individual mind & PARAMATHMA
ie.Brahman-FORMLESS GOD. Difference seen in Athma is
only illusory(kalpanika), when you contemplate on
Athma(which is real ie.Truth)-Anathma(lifeless illusory
things which are False), results in Paramananda(Bliss).
When you are enlightened, you understand that only
ONE ATHMA, due to ignorance is seen as TWO
(Jeeva, PARAMATHMA) due to Mayapasha ie. tied down
by illusion !
A person walking in dim light, seeing a rope piece thinks it
as cobra gets scared, shivers & on going near, scrutiny he
finds that it is not cobra but a piece of rope, same way, in
mind there is illusion of Jeeva even though it is pure
Pot maker makes pots, lids, flat tawas out of same mud &
calls them by different names, same way in Athma, Jeeva
(illusory due to Maya) exists.
A person walking on the sea shore seeing a shining oyster
shell thinks it as silver, when he goes near & observes it is
mother of pearl. same way. in Athma, Jeeva(illusory due to
Many types of jewelry are called by different names as
bracelet, chain, crown etc. however all are made out of gold
only, same way in Athma, Jeeva(illusory due to Maya) exists.
Two relatives who are fighting each other, on hearing
opponent has died thinks he is polluted(suthaka), afterwards
when he comes to know that news of death is false, thinks
he is pure(not polluted) same way in pure Athma, due to
wrong notion Jeeva Exists.
Wood carver carves in wood different animals & calls them
as elephant, horse etc., in reality all of them are made out
of wood only, same way in Athma, Jeeva(illusory due to
Iron smith makes needle, knife, Scissors etc., actually all of
them are made out of one & same material 'iron' same way
in Athma, Jeeva(illusory due to Maya) exists.
In sea you see waves, foam, bubbles, when you analyze,
they are all water only, same way in Athma, Jeeva(illusory
due to Maya) exists.
When you go in a boat, trees on shore looks as if they are
moving along with you, even though they are stationary
same way in Athma, Jeeva(illusory due to Maya) exists.
A person suffering from Jaundice, sees all things as yellow,
in colour, same way in Athma, Jeeva(illusory due to Maya)
When you get giddiness, it looks as if world is rotating, when
you rotate a burning cinder it looks like a ring of fire, a huge
mountain from a distance looks small, small letters look BIG
when you see through a magnifying lens, in sun shine you
see mirage as if water is there, just like you mistake
direction in a new place, when clouds are moving we think
moon is moving, seeing your reflection in mirror imagining
it as somebody else's, same way in Athma, Jeeva(illusory
due to Maya) exists.
My Child !, believe that all things seen are false, these are
all visible due to wild imagination like dream(bhrame). From
wheat we can make many types of sweets, dishes, from
Brahman all these things are born. 'Sarvam Brahma Mayam',
everything is Brahman only. Just like when a bamboo forest
catches fire, we hear sound "chat,chat", see fire, smoke,
spark, etc. one looking as if different from other, stone,soil,
mud,insects,plants,animals,sun,moon,planets,stars are all
Milk changes into curd, butter, Ghee,Cheese etc., know
that Brahman is all names, forms. In Maths from digit '1'
how crores of numbers are generated, same way Brahman
has become all things seen ! How from one lamp, many
lamps can be lighted, from one Brahman many universes
From ॐ (OM) one letter, many letters are born,
from sugar cane - Jaggery(brown sugar), sugar,caramel etc.
from one seed, many seeds of the same variety are produced,
from cloud, lightening,thunder,water droplets are produced,
from one thread, many types of cloths like saree, dhothra
(white cloth worn by men), bath towel, bed sheet etc. are
in the same tree, roots, stem, branches, leaves, flowers,
fruits(produced by one seed) are seen one different from
from one original Divine Power - Brahman or Paramathma
Devathas(Sura), Humans, microbes(krimi), insects(keeta),
birds(Khaga), mountains, oceans, plants, creepers etc.
various worldly forms are seen which are enchanting to the
Many pots filled with water reflect, ONE Moon as many in
those pots, same way, Athma has pervaded all things seen
in this world.
ONE Lamp gets reflected in many mirrors kept on the wall,
same way Athma has pervaded all bodies.
A lamp kept on a open wall lights up both sides of wall,
same way Athma lights up inside & outside Universe.
My Child ! this way Athma due to limitation of Maya, is seen
in many different ways, calling oneself as Jeeva is due to
limitation of imagination(upadhi kalpitha), please note.
In reality you yourself is Paramathma, do not be under
doubt or worry as to where is that Great Divine Thing.
Athma is all pervading, there is nothing in which Athma
as not there. When you contemplate on Athma(which
is real ie.Truth)-Anathma(lifeless illusory things which
are False), you gain knowledge that all things seen are
illusory & you are that Great Divine Thing called as
A King's son grown up by breast feeding of servant lady,
when he grows up says," I am not son of a servant lady,
I am King's son", he is eliminating the earlier feeling( that
servant lady as mother) & calls himself as King, same way
due to limitation of Maya(Mayopadhi), even if Athma thinks
as Jeeva, by the kindness of Sad-Guru, one comes to
know the Truth about himself(as PARAMATHMA)
A tiger cub drinking dog's breast milk, will not become a
dog, same way confused by ignorance, when one says he
is Jeeva, Sad-Guru makes his doubt go away & tells
him the Truth(ie.he is PARAMATHMA only).
Bhramara Keeta(insect), how it makes other keeta under it
to change as Bhramara Keeta,same way, meditation on
Para-Brahman makes who meditates as Para-Brahman.
This way in olden days,sages after getting Pure-Auspicious
knowledge, came to know they are Para-Brahman, broke
loose attachment to samsara(family), traveled in Bliss State.
Narada, Vashishta, Athri, Sanaka, Sanandana, Romasha,
Durvasa, Thrnabindu, Markandeya,Agasthya,Kardama,
Kapila, Nandikeshwara, Yajnavalkya, Sindhusama, Marichi,
Sindhura, Dattatreya, Vamadeva, Samvartha, Dadhichi,
Kashyapa, Jamadagni, Vishwamitra, Saubhari, Gauthama,
Kanva, Parashara, Brahaspathi, Shukrapaulasthya etc.
All the above had firm conviction that they are Brahman
& became Para-Brahman. Nobody has deteriorated,
or lost upliftment spiritually by thinking "I am Para-Brahman".
Therefore you think you are Para-Brahman & become
Para-Brahman. Myself, Vishnu, Brahma etc.attained Bliss
State by thinking that Great Divine Thing.
Shanmukha(Six faced) ! escape clutches of Maya, getting
rid of limitations(upadhi), contemplating on Athma
(which is real ie.Truth)-Anathma(lifeless illusory things
which are False), think Jeeva as PARAMATHMA.
This should not be told to those who hanker after worldly
On hearing this Sad-Upadesha(Good Knowledge) from
Shankara, tears of happiness rolled down the eyes of
Shanmukha & he experienced Bliss State.