Neither am I pride, prana nor intellect,
But I am Shiva, who is eternal,
Who is completely unattached.
Who is far, far and far away
From wife, son, lands and assets,
And is the witness for everything.
For due to absence of Jnana.
I ascribe life in to lifeless thing.
And when the realized one points it out,
I wake up from this illusion,
And understand that it is a rope and not a snake.
Similarly I am not the jeeva but Shiva,
Which I only understand by the teaching of the great teacher.
And who wanders aimlessly depending on alms obtained,
The man with the loin cloth is indeed the lucky one.
3rd SLOKA OF SADHANA PANCHAKAM
OF ADI SHANKAACHARYA
born, telling parents Goddess will take birth as their son &
to give the book to the boy when he would be twelve
year old, who is destined to become an Avadhutha by name
in north Karnataka.
Parameshwara told Shanmuka--
beyond time & action, thing called Athma(Soul) linked to this
world, to know the truth(tathva) to get salvation you have
to know & understand well. Mind which is full of doubts has
no peace in this world or in other worlds.Those who are
dullards cannot understand Athma(Soul) or its
characteristics. Just like impure gold when purified by
removing dirt how it shines,same way in bright light of
Samadhi State That Auspicious thing beyond Nada-Bindu
exposes itself. This state is achievable only by leaving
everything in this world & surrendering fully at the feet of
Guru. All obligations(rina) of this world can be made up
except that of Guru.
(Refer-- GURU BHAKTHI -- GURU KATAKSHA)
Now I shall narrate to you Nishchaya Jnana. By this all your
doubts get destroyed. This world which is like forest gets
burnt down. Think yourself as that Powerful Force which
is beyond time & imagination. Nobody including Brahma
cannot understand you.You shine by your own luminosity.
You only should understand yourself & not by other means
as you cannot be seen nor perceived by them. You firmly
decide that you are Para-Brahman only, which is beyond
name & form.
How birds flying in sky are in no way connected to sky,
same way think that you are not concerned or connected
to senses of your body.
Due to entrapment of Maya you have forgotten that you
are Brahman only.Instead of thinking "I am Brahman'
thinking 'I am only a human being' is as a result of your
karmas. Know that you are 'That thing which is beyond
grasp' & witness to the above two.
Just as an actor, who takes on many roles knows who he
really is in real life, same way you take on many bodies in
different births, firmly think that the Athma(Soul) is one &
same in all those births.
Adi-Shesha(seven headed King Cobra on which Lord
Vishnu reclines) is it afraid of its poisonous breath ?,when
the waves move on top of sea, is the whole sea moving?,
same way when you are the Lord(Athma) can you get
influenced by the state of the body like happiness,
sorrow etc.? How waves are seen on sea water & then
hides in it, same way in you various bodies rise &
merges in you.
You think that you are Truth & Real.Just as we see in a
tree, branches,leaves,flowers,fruits, in Brahman we see
this world & everything in that is Brahman only.
How a grand meal fit for a king is poisonous to a sick man,
same way for worldly people.spiritual knowledge is like
poison. Get rid of the sickness of ignorance & think you
are ocean of knowledge.
Think that you are only a witness to the desires,dislikes
of your mind & after getting rid of them through intellect
think you are witness to that intellect.
You are the one who knows the characteristics of mind
& Athma(chethana).You are the one who is having the
ego "I am this body'. Please know that mind which is
lifeless(jada) thinks "I am happy,I am unhappy etc.'
Know that you are the witness to this body, in which
various characteristics,various subjects, various worries
Acts of giving,buying,holding,leaving,taking along,telling,
keeping,cutting,etc.-- actions of all parts of body,
understand that you are the witness.
You are Brahman,everything is Brahman knowing this if
you ask 'Who am I ?' who is there to answer that.There is
nothing else other than you.
You are not having 'Sthula Sharira'(Gross Body),
'Sukshma Sharira'(Subtle Body), hence waking state
(jagrth avastha) & dream state(swapna avastha) are also
false. All actions of body take place only by your
(Athma's) presence only.
Hearing through ears, sense of touch through skin,
sensing form through eyes, sense of taste through tongue,
smell through nose, talk through sound producing part,
breathing through pranendriya, feet for stepping
forward, through sex part for pleasure, anus for disposal
out of body, all these activities take place through your
presence & will.You have forgotten yourself & wrongly
you are thinking that you are jeeva, samsari(like family
man), so firmly think yourself as Athma(Soul).
Ten people join together to take bath in a river & enter the
water, when they come out,one person counts excluding
himself & announces that there are only nine & feeling
sad that one person is missing or dead. Another person
who was observing this from a distance, comes &
says 'You have not counted yourself ,you are the tenth
man' which brings happiness, same way due to Maya's
influence(bhrame) you have forgotten yourself. When you
are Brahman only, you don't have Sthula(gross) &
Sukshma Shariras(subtle bodies) or actions of senses,
body parts are not there.
You are the cause for everything.When talk stops along
with Mano-Nasha, remaining Paramathma is yourself.
When talk increases,activity of the mind also increases
Defects due to talk are on the mind & not on you. You
think that you are Brahman for Lord Brahma etc.
Reflection of an object seen in water looks different from
the object & how there is no difference between the object,
reflection same way, think that Astral Body(Sukshma
Sharira) is not there for you.
When Astral Body(Sukshma Sharira) is not there, how
what you heard,you saw, you thought, matters are seen in
dream & vanish, still why their vasanas are true, if you ask,
kasturi(perfume) kept in a bottle even after getting exhausted,
aroma of kasturi lingers for some more time, same way dream
vasanas remain for sometime, think you are only a witness to
Where there is no difference of same category, different
category, where there are no actions to achieve desired
results, where there are no subject or object in any matter,
where there are no pundiths(experts) of Six Darshanas
& Vedantha),where there is no 'Best' or 'Highest', you are
that Divine thing(Athma). Being beyond happiness,
unhappiness of this world, destroying all thoughts(bhavas),
when you are immersed in real Bliss of Athma, there is
nothing left to know.
Just like drops fallen out of ghee is ghee only & not
anything else,same way you are Athma only & cannot be
Jiva.A man doing business is Jiva,his actions are controlled
by Ishwara & the light that shines bright in both of their
hearts is Paramathman,you are That.
Decide you are truly Para-Brahman & forget the wrong
notion that you are Jiva. You do not have Vasana-Bodies
You are that Divine Holy Thing which is - without any
characteristics(Nirguna),without any parts(niravayava),
Sat-Chit-Ananda, Pure intellect with knowledge,
consciousness(chinmaya),support of everything
(sarvadhara),Divine light(paranjyothi), Athma which has
no beginning or end(nithyathma),without form(chidrupa),
covered,wearing by chith(chidambara).beyond
Name,form,childish prank,actions,dharma(moral tenets)
etc. were born by gunas(characteristics).You are beyond
gunas,that is why you are called as NIRGUNA.
parts of body,various bodies,you are not them.
Day,night,noon,evening,minute,ghalige(1 hour=2.5 ghalige),
auspicious time(muhurtha), month,tithi(lunar day),pakshas
(two pakshas in a month-krishna paksha,shukla paksha),
you are not them.
By mind this world is born, seen in various forms, again
merges in mind.Due to mind only, doubts arise & also
decisions are made,think you are not that mind.
Leave all doubts from mind.
Ashramas like Brahmacharya(unmarried life),Grihastha
(married life),Vanaprastha(retiring to forest with wife),
Yathi(sanyasa), Paramahamsa(kundalini has reached
Sahasrara chakra which is on top of head), etc.
are not for you(not applicable to Athma).
Caste system like, Brahmana,Kshatriya,Vaishya,Shudra,
Kuruba,Shvapacha(dog meat eater),Chandala,Jangama
etc.Three Hundred in number is not applicable to you.
Reciting mantras silently(japa), meditation(thapa),bath,
super natural powers(siddhi),offerings to fire(homa),
offerings to fire for personal benefits(havana),offerings
to fore fathers(tharpana), karmas -- are not for you.
Three types of problems(thapa thrayas -- adi-bhouthika,
adi-deivika, adi-manasika-worries of mind),
Dashendriyas -- five karmendriya & five jnanendriya,
Nadis like -- ida,pingala,sushumna,shankini,vakula,
Decide all these are not you.
states of -- Jagrith,swapna,sushupthi
Tripurtis-yourself,world,Ishwara(cause of Maya)
Time frame(kala)--past,future & present,
Jeeva thraya--state of jeeva in jagrith,swapna & sushupthi,
Shakthi traya--three kinds of energies,they are--
source of egotism known as Rudra,source of knowledge,
source of activities or actions called kriya,
marriage,kingdom,wealth of kingdom,heaven,truth
Sense of- touch,taste,smell,
Ego of-- caste,wealth,teenage,education,beauty or
kingship,abundance of food,strong body,earning money,
executing work etc.
You are positively not all the above.
Know that you are Para-Brahman only, who is --
without beginning or end(nithyathma),beyond imagination
(nirvikalpa),auspicious all the time(nithya mangala),
without any impurity(nirmala),without any movement
(nichala),infinite(anantha),without any comparison
(nirupekshe),without any defects(niravadya),cannot be
YOU are witness to everything(sarva-sakshi),cause for
you are pranava-OM kara sound, without any
characteristics(nirguna), always healthy,perfect
My child !,you decide in your mind fully this knowledge.
From ancient times all sages followed this knowledge
of NISHCHAYA JNANA & became Para-Brahma only.
This knowledge should not be told to dull headed,
--thus Shankara told Shanmukha