Monday, 13 April 2015

DECISIVE SPIRITUAL KNOWLEDGE - NISHCHAYA JNANA


PLEASE NOTE THAT ADI SHANKARACHARYA
HAS TOLD ALL OF US TO THINK--
'I AM BRAHMAN' WITHOUT ANY EGO.
WE CAN AVOID FEAR COMPLEX ONLY BY THIS
METHOD. ELIMINATION OF FEAR IS VERY 
IMPORTANT FOR PROGRESS IN SPIRITUALITY.

36th & 37th SLOKA OF ATMA BODHA
I am verily that Supreme Brahman alone
which is Eternal, Pure and Free,One,indivisible and
non-dual and of the nature of Changeless-Knowledge-
Infinite.

The impression 'I am Brahman' thus created by constant
practice destroys ignorance, and the agitation caused
by it , just as medicine or rasayana destroys disease.

Athma Panchakam of Adi Sankaracharya


I am neither the body, nor the senses nor the mind,
Neither am I pride, prana nor intellect,
But I am Shiva, who is eternal,
Who is completely unattached.
Who is far, far and far away
From wife, son, lands and assets,

And is the witness for everything.

Due to ignorance I think that a rope is a snake, 
For due to absence of Jnana. 
I ascribe life in to lifeless thing. 
And when the realized one points it out, 
I wake up from this illusion, 
And understand that it is a rope and not a snake. 
Similarly I am not the jeeva but Shiva, 
Which I only understand by the teaching of the great teacher
.

250 & 252 SLOKA OF VIVEKA CHUDAMANI says--
Meanig of Sloka 250 --
Giving up this unreal notion --what you have taken as your 
own self -- take instead that which is real, self-evident,
beyond all argumentation. "I am Brahman" -- by this 
pure thought, know thine own Self, which is indivisible
consciousness.
Meanig of Sloka 252 --
As the places and things that you see in dream are
unreal,so is this Wakeful State. There is no difference
between them (waking & dream). As in dream, the mind
creates, so Maya creates everything -- this body, senses,
pranas and ego.Everything is unreal. So Thou art That --
quite, pure, One without a second, the Supreme. 

5th SLOKA OF Kaupeena Panchakam
OF ADI SHANKAACHARYA in this Blog--
Always reciting the name of Brahman with devotion,
Always thinking that he himself is Brahman,
And who wanders aimlessly depending on alms obtained,
The man with the loin cloth is indeed the lucky one.

3rd SLOKA OF SADHANA PANCHAKAM
OF ADI SHANKAACHARYA

Meaning of the Supreme Statement should be reflected 
upon. 
One should take shelter under scriptural statements. 
One should remain aloof from perverse arguments. 
One should be receptive to scriptures, clarifications and 
debates.  
'I am Brahman’  – thus one thought should be fully 
experienced. 
One should give up constant and continuous ego-sense
One should discard the idea that ‘I am the body’. 
Contentious arguments with men of Wisdom should be 
avoided. 

REFER IN THIS BLOG--

RIGHT KNOWLEDGE -- SECRET OF VEDANTA - SHANKARACHARYA


81. One should have the conception that 'one is Brahman' which is without qualities, without actions, Eternal, free from duality, free from unhappiness, pure, awakened and free.

AS LONG AS WE THINK 'BRAHMAN' IS A SUPREME
POWER OUTSIDE US, FEAR COMPLEX WILL 
PERSIST IN US .

AS EXPLAINED IN OUR EARLIER POSTINGS,
VEDANTHA JNANA THROUGH MAHA VAKYAS
INDICATE ATHMA IS BRAHMAN ONLY. WORLDLY
PEOPLE FEAR TO ACCEPT THIS FACT & EVEN
WRONGLY ADVISE AGAINST THIS CONCEPT.

WE ALL KNOW THAT WE ARE, WHAT WE THINK
IN OUR MIND DECISIVELY, ALL THE  TIME &
YOU BECOME THAT ONLY. THIS FACT IS INSISTED 
UPON IN 'NISHCHAYA JNANA'. WE SHOULD NOT BE 
CARRIED AWAY BY GIMMICKS OF MAYA & SHOULD 
ESCAPE FROM IT'S CLUTCHES. THEN ONLY WE CAN 
MAKE GOOD PROGRESS IN SPIRITUALITY TO HIGHER 
LEVELS.

AUTHOR REPEATEDLY TELLS US TO IGNORE MAYA
BY DELIBERATELY DESCRIBING ELABORATELY MAYA'S
IMPACT ON OUR MIND AS IT SURROUNDS US IN ALL
FIELDS, DIRECTIONS MAKING IT VERY DIFFICULT FOR 
US TO ESCAPE IT.

WE HAVE SEEN PEOPLE IN OUR LIFE, INSPITE OF VERY 
GOOD JNANA, FAILED TO MAKE PROGRESS IN 
SPIRITUALITY UNABLE TO OVERCOME MAYA & 
NECESSARY SACRIFICES LIKE VAIRAGYA, 
EGOLESSNESS, CULTIVATING BHAKTI, 
SELF SURRENDER ETC.


DECISIVE SPIRITUAL KNOWLEDGE
NISHCHAYA JNANA


Parameshwara teaching Shanmuga

'Parameshwara teaching Shanmuga' postings are based on
'Jnana Sindhu' writings of great CHIDANANDA AVADHUTHA 
of very high spiritual level based on VEDANTHA
(UPANISHATHS). He had given the copy of the book to the 
parents of a future Avadhutha even before the baby was 
born, telling parents Goddess will take birth as their son & 
to give the book to the boy when he would be twelve 
year old, who is destined to become an Avadhutha by name 
AJATHA NAGALINGA SWAMY at NAVALAGUNDHA 

in north Karnataka.

Parameshwara told Shanmuka--

Shanmukha! By holy & divine contemplation,that which is 
beyond time & action, thing called Athma(Soul) linked to this 
world, to know the truth(tathva) to get salvation you have 
to know & understand well. Mind which is full of doubts has 
no peace in this world or in other worlds.Those who are 
dullards cannot understand Athma(Soul) or its 
characteristics. Just like impure gold when purified by 
removing dirt how it shines,same way in bright light of 
Samadhi State That Auspicious thing beyond Nada-Bindu
exposes itself. This state is achievable only by leaving
everything in this world & surrendering fully at the feet of 
Guru. All obligations(rina) of this world can be made up 
except that of Guru.
(Refer-- GURU BHAKTHI -- GURU KATAKSHA)

Now I shall narrate to you Nishchaya Jnana. By this all your 
doubts get destroyed. This world which is like forest gets 
burnt down. Think yourself as that Powerful Force which 
is beyond time & imagination. Nobody including Brahma 
cannot understand you.You shine by your own luminosity.
You only should understand yourself & not by other means 
as you cannot be seen nor perceived by them. You firmly 
decide that you are Para-Brahman only, which is beyond 
name & form.

How birds flying in sky are in no way connected to sky, 
same way think that you are not concerned or connected 
to senses of your body.

Due to entrapment of Maya you have forgotten that you 
are Brahman only.Instead of thinking "I am Brahman'
thinking 'I am only a human being' is as a  result of your
 karmas. Know that you are 'That thing which is beyond 
grasp' & witness to the above two.

Just as an actor, who takes on many roles knows who he 
really is in real life, same way you take on many bodies in 
different births, firmly think that the Athma(Soul) is one & 
same in all those births.

Adi-Shesha(seven headed King Cobra on which Lord 
Vishnu reclines) is it afraid of its poisonous breath ?,when 
the waves move on top of sea, is the whole sea moving?, 
same way when you are the Lord(Athma) can you get 
influenced by the state of the body like happiness,
sorrow etc.? How waves are seen on sea water & then 
hides in it, same way in you various bodies rise & 
merges in you.

You think that you are Truth & Real.Just as we see in a 
tree, branches,leaves,flowers,fruits, in Brahman we see 
this world & everything in that is Brahman only.

How a grand meal fit for a king is poisonous to a sick man, 
same way for worldly people.spiritual knowledge is like 
poison. Get rid of the sickness of ignorance & think you 
are ocean of knowledge.

Think that you are only a witness to the desires,dislikes
of your mind & after getting rid of them through intellect
think you are witness to that intellect.

You are the one who knows the characteristics of mind
& Athma(chethana).You are the one who is having the 
ego "I am this body'. Please know that mind which is
lifeless(jada) thinks "I am happy,I am unhappy etc.'

Know that you are the witness to this body, in which
various characteristics,various subjects, various worries
are born.

Acts of giving,buying,holding,leaving,taking along,telling,
keeping,cutting,etc.-- actions of all parts of body, 
understand that you are the witness.

You are Brahman,everything is Brahman knowing this if 
you ask 'Who am I ?' who is there to answer that.There is 
nothing else other than you.

You are not having 'Sthula Sharira'(Gross Body),
'Sukshma Sharira'(Subtle Body), hence waking state
(jagrth avastha) & dream state(swapna avastha) are also 
false. All actions of body take place only by your
(Athma's) presence only.

Hearing through ears, sense of touch through skin, 
sensing form through eyes, sense of taste through tongue, 
smell through nose, talk through  sound producing part, 
breathing through pranendriya, feet for stepping 
forward, through sex part for pleasure, anus for disposal 
out of body, all these activities take place through your 
presence & will.You have forgotten yourself & wrongly 
you are thinking that you are jeeva, samsari(like family 
man), so firmly think yourself as Athma(Soul).

Ten people join together to take bath in a river & enter the 
water, when they come out,one person counts excluding 
himself & announces that there are only nine & feeling 
sad that one person is missing or dead. Another person 
who was observing this from a distance, comes & 
says 'You have not counted yourself ,you are the tenth 
man' which brings happiness, same way due to Maya's 
influence(bhrame) you have forgotten yourself. When you 
are Brahman only, you don't have Sthula(gross) & 
Sukshma Shariras(subtle bodies) or actions of senses,
body parts are not there.

You are the cause for everything.When talk stops along 
with Mano-Nasha, remaining Paramathma is yourself. 
When talk increases,activity of the mind also increases
Defects due to talk are on the mind & not on you. You 
think that you are Brahman for Lord Brahma etc.
Reflection of an object seen in water looks different from 
the object & how there is no difference between the object, 
reflection same way, think that Astral Body(Sukshma 
Sharira) is not there for you.

When Astral Body(Sukshma Sharira) is not there, how 
what you heard,you saw, you thought, matters are seen in 
dream & vanish, still why their vasanas are true, if you ask,
 kasturi(perfume) kept in a bottle even after getting exhausted, 
aroma of kasturi lingers for some more time, same way dream 
vasanas remain for sometime, think you are only a witness to 
them.

Where there is no difference of same category, different 
category, where there are no actions to achieve desired 
results, where there are no subject or object in any matter, 
where there are no pundiths(experts) of Six Darshanas
(they are--Nyaya,Vaisheshika,Sankhya,Yoga,Mimamsa 
& Vedantha),where there is no 'Best' or 'Highest', you are 
that Divine thing(Athma). Being beyond happiness,
unhappiness of this world, destroying all thoughts(bhavas), 
when you are immersed in real Bliss of Athma, there is 
nothing left to know.  

Just like drops fallen out of ghee is ghee only & not 
anything else,same way you are Athma only & cannot be
Jiva.A man doing business is Jiva,his actions are controlled
by Ishwara & the light that shines bright in both of their 
hearts is Paramathman,you are That.

Decide you are truly Para-Brahman & forget the wrong 
notion that you are Jiva. You do not have Vasana-Bodies
You are that Divine Holy Thing which is - without any
characteristics(Nirguna),without any parts(niravayava),
Sat-Chit-Ananda, Pure intellect with knowledge,
consciousness(chinmaya),support of everything
(sarvadhara),Divine light(paranjyothi), Athma which has
no beginning or end(nithyathma),without form(chidrupa),
covered,wearing by chith(chidambara).beyond 
comparison(nirupama),

Name,form,childish prank,actions,dharma(moral tenets)
etc. were born by gunas(characteristics).You are beyond
gunas,that is why you are called as NIRGUNA.

Hands,legs,shoulder,ears,nose,face,eyes,hair,tongue,
parts of body,various bodies,you are not them.

Day,night,noon,evening,minute,ghalige(1 hour=2.5 ghalige),
auspicious time(muhurtha), month,tithi(lunar day),pakshas
(two pakshas in a month-krishna paksha,shukla paksha),
you are not them.

By mind this world is born, seen in various forms, again 
merges in mind.Due to mind only, doubts arise & also
decisions are made,think you are not that mind.
Leave all doubts from mind.

Ashramas like Brahmacharya(unmarried life),Grihastha
(married life),Vanaprastha(retiring to forest with wife),
Yathi(sanyasa), Paramahamsa(kundalini has reached 
Sahasrara chakra which is on top of head), etc.
are not for you(not applicable to Athma).

Caste  system like, Brahmana,Kshatriya,Vaishya,Shudra,
Kuruba,Shvapacha(dog meat eater),Chandala,Jangama
etc.Three Hundred in number is not applicable to you.

Reciting mantras silently(japa), meditation(thapa),bath,
super natural powers(siddhi),offerings to fire(homa),
offerings to fire for personal benefits(havana),offerings
to fore fathers(tharpana), karmas -- are not for you.

Birth,death,____

Three types of problems(thapa thrayas -- adi-bhouthika, 
adi-deivika, adi-manasika-worries of mind),

difficulties,sorrow,attachment,childhood,teenage,oldage,

Dashendriyas -- five karmendriya & five jnanendriya,

Nadis like -- ida,pingala,sushumna,shankini,vakula,
gandhara,alamba,hasti,jimha,pumsa,payaswini. 

Decide all these are not you.


states of -- Jagrith,swapna,sushupthi 

Tripurtis-yourself,world,Ishwara(cause of Maya)
,
Gunas-sathva,rajas,thamas,

Time frame(kala)--past,future & present, 

Jeeva thraya--state of jeeva in jagrith,swapna & sushupthi,

Shakthi traya--three kinds of energies,they are--
source of egotism known as Rudra,source of knowledge, 
source of activities or actions called kriya,

lust,anger,shyness,animals,wealth,house,wife,son,
marriage,kingdom,wealth of kingdom,heaven,truth 
statements(tattvas),intellect,ego,five pranas,mind,

Sense of- touch,taste,smell,

Ego of-- caste,wealth,teenage,education,beauty or 
handsomeness,favourable result,meditation(thapas),
kingship,abundance of food,strong body,earning money,
executing work etc.

You are positively not all the above.

Know that you are Para-Brahman only, who is --
without beginning or end(nithyathma),beyond imagination
(nirvikalpa),auspicious all the time(nithya mangala),
without any impurity(nirmala),without any movement
(nichala),infinite(anantha),without any comparison
(nirupekshe),without any defects(niravadya),cannot be
destroyed(achyutha) etc. 
YOU are witness to everything(sarva-sakshi),cause for
everything(sarvakarana),self-luminous(swaprakasha),
you are pranava-OM kara sound, without any 
characteristics(nirguna), always healthy,perfect
(niramaya). 

My child !,you decide in your mind fully this knowledge.
From ancient times all sages followed this knowledge
of NISHCHAYA JNANA & became Para-Brahma only.

This knowledge should not be told to dull headed,
ignorant(murkha) people.
--thus Shankara told Shanmukha


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Wednesday, 25 March 2015

SHRAVANA, MANANA, NIDIDHYASANA

(HEARING, CONTEMPLATION, MEDITATION OF SELF-ENQUIRY)

Nididhyasana (Sanskrit: निदिध्यासन) means profound 
and repeated meditation Nididhyasana is meditation
of the 
Atman. It is deep and intense contemplation.
The 
Sruti is the seed of Vedantic knowledge sown by
the 
Guru (teacher) in the mind of sishya (disciple) who
then tends that seed by his shravana,Manana
 and
Nididhyasana.


Nididhyasana is meditation of the Athman. It is deep and 
intense contemplation. In this state the mind is 
established in the Absolute and no worldly thoughts 
intrude; contemplation is like the study flow of oil, the 
steady flow of Brahmakara-vritti. It is the only way for 
conquering Maya which conquest of Maya is 
destruction of the mind. It is the last of the three phases 
of Sadhana; the first phase is shravana ('listening or 
study'), and the second Manana ('raising and clearing 
of doubts'). The aim of Nididhyasana is to settle as 
Athma which is our sahaja(real) state; one becomes 
established in the knowledge that liberation is our 
true nature Sankara asks 
– How can moksa arise merely by repetition of words 
without effecting the dissolution of whatever is drsya
(cognisable through the senses of perception or through 
the mind) without knowing the truth of the Athman?
 (Vivekachudamani 65)

According to Suresvara and Anandagiri, Nididhyasana, 
prescribed by the Upanishads, is not a process like 
meditation (Dhyana) but an independent knowledge and 
the final step of saksat aparoksat. Nididhyasana done 
independently of sravana does not lead to the realization 
of the Atman.आत्मा ब्रह्मेति वाक्यार्थे निःशेषेण विचारिते |
 - By a thorough analysis of "Atman is Brahman" the 
direct knowledge "I am Brahman" is achieved 
(Panchadasi VII.58)

Brihadaranyaka Upanishad (II.iv.5) defines Nididhyasana 
as the meditation for the sake of direct vision.Yajnavalkya
tells his wife –
आत्मा वा अरे द्रष्टव्यः श्रोतव्यो मन्तव्यो निदिध्यासितव्यो मैत्रेयि,
आत्मनो व अरे दर्शनेन श्रवणेन मत्या विज्ञानेनेदं सर्वं विदितम् ||
"The Self, my dear Maitreyi, should be realized – 
should be heard of, reflected on and medtated upon;
by the realization of the Self, my dear, through hearing, 
reflection and meditation, all this is known." 
- (Brihadaranyaka Upanishad St.II.iv.5)

Sankara states:-

श्रुतेः शतगुणं विद्यान्मननं मननादपि |
निदिध्यासं लक्षगुणम् अनन्तं निर्विकल्पकम् ||
"Reflection (manana) is hundred times superior 
to listening (sravana);
meditation (nididhyasana) is hundred times 
superior to reflection; nirvikalpaka samadhi is 
infinitely superior.
Nididhyasana is the practice of atma-vichara
self-enquiry, self-investigation, self-scrutiny or 
self-attentiveness;it leads to Nirvikalpa Samadhi from 
where there is no return into lower states of 
consciousness, and in which state there is no longer 
mind, duality, a subject-object relationship or experience.

Suresvara states:-
शास्त्रचार्यानुभवनैर्हेतुभिश्च समर्थितः|
ईदृगैकात्म्यसंबोधो निदिध्यासनमुच्यते ||
"Nididhyasana is so called when, instruction about 
the uniqueness of the Atman is justified by (proper) 
reasons viz. the Sruti, (the instructions of) teachers 
and (one’s own) experience (of the same)."
Nididhyasana consists in acquisition of vakyarthajnanaand 
Nididhyasana or atma-vichara (self-enquiry), is subjective 
meditation in which there is no focussing of consciousness 
or effort of will in which process the ego withdraws into 
the source. Upasana, which is symbolic meditation, can 
give the required training to the mind to proceed with 
Nididhyasana.

Ramana Maharashi has told --


By sravana , Knowledge dawns. That is the flame. 
By manana , the Knowledge is not allowed to vanish. 
Just as the flame is protected by a wind-screen, so 
the other thoughts are not allowed to overwhelm the 
right knowledge. By nididhyasana  the flame is kept up 
to burn bright by trimming the wick. Whenever other 
thoughts arise, the mind is turned inward to the light 
of true knowledge. When this becomes natural, it is 
samadhi. The enquiry "Who am I?" is the sravana
The ascertainment of the true import of `I' is the 
manana. The practical application on each occasion 
is nididhyasana. Being as `I' is samadhi.

Advaita Bodha Deepika--
REF:http://bhagavan-ramana.org/advaitabodhadeepika.html

Sravana

8 - 10. To hear the Supreme Truth, reflect and meditate

 on it, and to remain in Samadhi form together the

enquiry into the Self. They have for their 'cause' 

(Hetu) the aforesaid four sadhanas, namely, discernment,

 desirelessness, tranquillity, and desire to be liberated.

 Which of these is essential for which part of enquiry 

will be mentioned in its appropriate place. Here we shall

deal with sravana.  


68. D: What is the "effect'' of this Sravana?

M: It destroys that veiling part of ignorance which 

hitherto made one think "Where is this non-dual Self?

Nowhere''. To destroy this ignorant conclusion of the

non-existence of the non-dual Self is its "effect''.


69 - 70 D: What is the "fruit'' of sravana?

M: When once for all the non-belief in the non-duality

 of Being is destroyed, no sacred text or tricky 

argument can make the seeker deviate from his 

faith. All obstructions to his faith thus removed,

he remains steady in his indirect knowledge of 

non-dual Being. This is the "fruit'' of sravana.
  

77. Here ends the chapter on Sravana. The student 

who reads this carefully will gain indirect knowledge
In order to experience directly, he will seek to know

the nature of manasa or reflection.


Manana


2. M: Always to direct the thought with subtle 

reasoning upon the non-dual Self that is now known 

indirectly, is called reflection.  
 

3 -4 D: Please tell me its 'cause', 'nature', 'effect', 

'limit' and 'fruit'.

M: Discernment of the real from the unreal is its

 'cause'; enquiry into the Truth of the non-dual Self 

is its 'nature'; to tear off that veiling aspect of 

Ignorance which makes one say "It does not 

shine forth'' is its 'effect'; the non-recrudescence 

of this veiling is its 'limit'; and direct experience is

 its 'fruit'. So say the sages. 
 

26. D: What is this direct experience?

M: Just as one can clearly distinguish the sun from 

the cloud hiding it, so also when one can 

distinguish the Self from the ego, it is direct 

experience. This is the "fruit'' of reflection.
  

55 - 56 Inasmuch as Brahman is impartite, perfect 

Wholeness, the witness being Brahman must also 

be impartite, perfect Wholeness. Therefore it is 

established that the Self is One unbroken Bliss.


D: What is the 'fruit' of this knowledge?

M: To reject the five sheaths and names and 

forms of objects as something inexpressible, only 

superimposed on the Reality, illusory, to practice 

that the substratum, i.e., Brahman of 

Being-Knowledge-Bliss is the Self and to realise It as

'I am Brahman' with the resulting Supreme Bliss of 

being the Brahman is the 'fruit' of this knowledge. Here 

ends the chapter on Reflection.  

57. The wise student who carefully reads and practises

it can realise himself as Brahman i.e.,

 Being-Knowledge-Bliss.


NIJAGUNA SHIVA YOGENDRA ON--

TOOLS FOR MANANA 
!) YUKTHI
2) THARKA
3) ANUMANA

NIDIDHYASANA PANCHA YOGA
(NIDIDHYASANA RUPA YOGA PANCHAKAM)

1) MANTHRA YOGA--
    By Manthras like Pranava(OM-KARA), achieving Manolaya
    (thoughtless Mind) in Paramathma is called Manthra Yoga.

2) SPARSHA YOGA--
     Along with Manthra Yoga pure Mind joining together, 
     starting from Muladhara through path of Sushumna Nadi 
     reaching centre of Sahasrara with aura of Paramathma 
     achieving Mano Laya(thoughtless Mind) is called 
     Sparsha Ypga.
    
3) BHAVA YOGA --
     Remembering Virat form of Eshwara --
     Heaven is Murdna, directions are nose, Sun & moon
     are eyes,Fire is face,sky is navel,earth is feet  or 
     thinking Eshwara adorned with weapons, cloth,
     jewellery of Divine form,eliminating parts one by one,
     remaining Brahman with form,in that Mano Laya 
     taking place is Bhava Yoga.
     
4) ABHAVA YOGA--
     That form which can not be seen by sense parts,
     of unimaginable size,without any limitation Brahman,
     in that Mano Laya taking place is called Abhava Yoga
     
5) MAHA YOGA --
    Success in the world, thinking I understood, I did not
    understand,without getting into any trouble,always
    remaining in the same way 'Prathyag Athma Rupa
    Brahman' in that Mano Laya taking place is called 
    Maha Yoga.  

KRISHNA CONSCIOUS PATH follows 9 limbs --
where also first step is SHRAVANAM.
MANANA is replaced by Keerthanam & Smaranam
NIDIDHYASANA is replaced by Athmanivedanam.
     Sage Narada affirmed that God could be realised
through these nine forms of devotion, namely, 
1) Sravanam – Listening to the glories of the Lord 
2) Keerthanam – Singing His glories
3) Smaranam  Chanting His name and remembering Him 
4) Padasevanam   Serving His lotus feet 
5) Archanam  Worshipping Him offering flowers,
                       leaves,water etc.
6) Vandanam Paying obeisance to Him 
7) Daasyam – Considering oneself as His servant 
8) Sakhyam  Considering Him as the best friend 
9) Athmanivedanam  Total Self Surrender 

SHRAVANA, MANANA, NIDIDHYASANA



Parameshwara teaching Shanmuga


'Parameshwara teaching Shanmuga' postings are based on
'Jnana Sindhu' writings of great CHIDANANDA AVADHUTHA 
of very high spiritual level based on VEDANTHA
(UPANISHATHS). He had given the copy of the book to the 
parents of a future Avadhutha even before the baby was born, telling parents Goddess will take birth as their son & to give the book to the boy when he would be twelve year old, who is destined to become an Avadhutha by name 
AJATHA NAGALINGA SWAMY at NAVALAGUNDHA 
in north Karnataka.

Parameshwara told Shanmuka--
Shanmukha ! If you are interested to get liberated forever --
 you have to achieve Three Sadhanas called Shravana,
Manana, Nididhyasana. A Sadhaka who has understood 
the above three sadhanas, achieving liberation is not a 
great thing.That Sadhaka gets the kingdom of Advaitha. 
A person who forsakes them becomes helpless.
      Shravana is the form of Brahma. Manana is the 
form of Vishnu, Nididhyasana is the form of Shankara.
Those who know this will not be troubled by Lord of
Death - YAMA.These three Sadhanas which are forms 
of Thrimurthy, have been published as headlines in 
Vedas, to help this world.

1) SHRAVANA
Being under a Guru, involved fully in serving Guru,hearing 
attentively & fully understanding what Guru says, without 
any differentiation in intellect, having firm conviction that
 I am Athma(Soul) is Shravana.

Understanding fully the meaning of what Shruthis
(Vedas,Smrithis,Bhagvad Githa) say,everything is Brahman 
only, thus deciding is Shravana.
                                   
All Shruthi,Smrithi,scriptures(puranas),history,examples
decided by Upanishads, meaning,witness,mantra
(chantings),tantra(ritual means to get desired results),
Yantra(diagrams to ward off problems or for 
achievement), Suthra(short essence conveying elaborate 
explanations & linked to each other as the subject 
develops), Darshana(explanation of subject as if you 
see a picture), Matha(different views on the same 
subject), Chakra(cycles),Thathva-Kosha(truths stipulated 
on a subject bundled together), Knowledge(jnana),etc. 
knowing & understanding is Shravana.

Analyzing whether I am Jiva, Shiva or Athma & concluding 
that I am Athma is Shravana

Body, parts of body, elements(earth,water,fire etc.) activities, 
form or shape, urine, night,limbs,intellect, hunger,thirst,
old age,dying,lust,sorrow,attachment -- understanding 
I am not all these is Shravana.

2) MANANA
I am witness for everything, beyond imagination
understanding thus & meditating is Manana.

Sitting in Padmasana posture, getting rid of Vasanas by 
elimination,concentrating on the tip of nose, controlling 
prana,apana air currents, meditating in hridayakasha
(sky of heart) form of Lord Shiva is Manana.

Crow sitting on the mast of a ship in the middle of sea,
unable to see the shore, repeatedly returns back to the 
ship, same way controlling erratically moving mind, 
meditating on Athma(Soul) is Manana.

Closing eyes,meditating in hridayakasha (sky of heart) 
form of' Shiva is Manana.

Cast,morality,scare, hesitation, expanding,destruction,
elements, are not myself, thinking thus is Manana.

Through Viveka(knowledge of reality & unreality),making 
intellect firm, meditating on Athma(Soul) is Manana.

Controlling senses running behind worldly pleasures
is Manana.

Without expecting anything, not even slightly 
discouraged, not allowing anybody to object to my yoga,
without joining unnecessary things, meditating continuously 
on Brahman is Manana

3) NIDIDHYASANA
When all the sins get destroyed, when you reach 
perfection in Manana, you start experiencing Brahman
it is called Nididhyasana, so say sages with knowledge. 

Fire generated by rubbing one wood on to another, is 
capable of burning down a whole forest. Same way by 
rubbing of mind & Brahman, resulting light of  knowledge
drives away darkness of ignorance is Nididhyasana

By the churning of mountain Mandara in sea, how Amruth
(elixir) is produced, same way by churning of mind in Athma
(Soul) resulting Brahma Amruth(Divine Elixir) is Nididhyasana.

Just as Sugar cane Juice is called by a different name as
lump of Jaggery, same way One Athma looks different 
when called as Manas(Mind), understanding by firm 
conviction as one thing only is Nididhyasana.

When you eat beetle leaves with beetle nut slowly enjoying, 
it looks very tasty, same way when you churn your mind
by Yama(control of senses), Niyama(controlled disciplines)
 etc. resulting Divine Bliss is Nididhyasana.

Low grade gold is purified by repeatedly heating it in fire
till pure gold comes out, same way by punishing impure 
mind through dispassion & by churning mind in Athma(soul)
mind becomes one pointed,thoughtless is Nididhyasana.

Dissolving the mind in Athma(Soul) & becoming 
Yoga-Purusha is Nididhyasana

Scrutinising Thathvas(Truths) knowledge(Jnana) only 
becomes Truth, by purifying this dirty mind & dissolving it
in Athma & thinking that Prathyag-Athma(Real Athma) is 
only one is Nididhyasana.

When a mirror covered in dust is  cleaned, our reflection
seen clearly, same way by concentrating the mind on 
Athma(Soul) & deciding 'I AM ONLY ONE' ie, 'ATHMA
IS ONLY ONE' is Nididhyasana

By digging out buried treasure under earth & looking at 
that treasure, recognising the Athma(Soul) in this body
is Nididhyasana.

What is seen is like a dream,unreal everything is Brahman
only thus deciding is Nididhyasana.

My Child ! Greatness of this subject is infinite.He who 
succeeds in this Sadhana, bride by name Mukthi is ready 
to garland him standing near by.

Due to AVIDYA, without knowing who you are, you think
this world is Real.When knowledge dawns in you, you see
Brahman in everything. Dog,knife made out of sugar mould
is sugar only, same way world that is seen by you is 
Brahman only. 
Names & Forms are only illusory like dream, In this body
like a city,when JIVA is there, senses rule this city driving
it in many directions. When SADGURU enters this city 
all play of senses comes to a stand still & peace prevails.
All senses become for name sake only & follow GURU's
orders only.
My Child ! because you have forgotten yourself these 
SADHANAS were necessary,otherwise for you, there is 
no need of any Sadhana.Because you were immersed
in AVIDYA, to destroy that SADGURUNATHA was 
required.
Long back Sri RAMA forgot who he was & faced difficulties, 
sorrow, when Narada & Lord Brahma reminded him about
Athma Vichara, came to know he himself was Paramathma
& became very happy. Same way you also get guided by
SADGURU & be happy.
By hearing from Sadguru,then apply it to mind through 
contemplation(Manana) & settle in Nididhyasana. In this 
way Shankara gave upadesha on Shravana, Manana,  
Nididhyasana & blessed Shanmukha to become SHIVA
only. This should not be told to bad people,who are doing
wrong deeds,people committed many sins.

He who achieves these Sadhana-Thrayas(three), liberation 
is very easily achieved like a amla berry clearly seen on 
your hand -- so said Shankara to Shanmukha. 


       ===============================

Please Read --

JNANA ASHTANGA & JNANA PANCHADASHANGA YOGAS



SADHANA CHATHUSTAYA OF SHANKARACHARYA
 SADHANA CHATHUSTAYA OF SHANKARACHARYA