Thursday, 23 July 2015

SATHKARMA THYAGA YOGA -- RENUNCIATION OF GOOD ACTIONS.

(SATHKARMA THYAGA PRAKARANA)



Thakur Sri Sri Ramkrishna Paramhansa
4 January 2012

When does renunciation of karma take place?

Says Thakur, “When just at the name of Hari or Rama your hair stand on end and tears flow from your eyes, know it for certain that sandhya and other daily services will not be needed any more. And other daily services are over for you. You have then gained the right to give up karmas (work). Karmas, indeed, fall off on their own. In that state. 

SRI RAMANA MAHARSHI ON KARMA
Ref:http://www.hinduism.co.za/karma&.htm

Karma and Destiny
Sri Ramana Maharshi

Edited by David Godman, 
Preamble By David Godman


Sri Ramana Maharshi accepted the validity of the laws of Karma but said that they were only applicable as long as a person imagined that he was separate from the Self. At this level (the level of the ajnani or the ignorant), he said that individuals will pass through a series of pre-ordained activities and experiences, all of which are the consequences of previous acts and thoughts. He occasionally even said that every act and experience in a person’s life is determined at birth and that the only freedom one has is to realise that there is no one acting and no one experiencing. However, once one realises the Self there is no one left to experience the consequences of actions and so the whole structure of Karmic laws then becomes redundant.
Sri Ramana regarded the law of Karma as a manifestation of God’s will. He said that prior to Self-realisation there is a personal God, Iswara, who controls each person’s destiny. It is Iswara who has ordained that everyone must suffer the consequences of his actions and it is Iswara who selects the sequences of activities that each person must undergo in each lifetime. One cannot escape from Iswara’s jurisdiction while one still identifies with the activities of the body. The only way to become free of his authority is to transcend Karma completely by realising the Self.
_______________
Question: Is it posssible to overcome, even while the body exists, the Prarabdha Karma which is said to last till the end of the body?
Sri Ramana Maharshi: Yes. If the agent, upon whom the Karma depends, namely the ego, which has come into existence between the body and the Self, merges in its source and loses its form, how can the Karma, which depends upon it, survive? When there is no ‘I’ there is no Karma.

SATHKARMA THYAGA YOGA -- RENUNCIATION OF GOOD ACTIONS.


Parameshwara teaching Shanmuga

'Parameshwara teaching Shanmuga' postings are based on
'Jnana Sindhu' writings of great CHIDANANDA AVADHUTHA 
of very high spiritual level based on VEDANTHA
(UPANISHATHS). He had given the copy of the book to the 
parents of a future Avadhutha even before the baby was 
born, telling parents Goddess will take birth as their son & 
to give the book to the boy when he would be twelve 
year old, who is destined to become an Avadhutha by name 
AJATHA NAGALINGA SWAMY at NAVALAGUNDHA 
in north Karnataka.

Shanmukha told Parameshwara --

Shanmukha with folded hands prayed Hara, Swami ! Now
my mind has been divided into two parts - first when you
explained path of aversion(virati),dispassion, my mind left 
all thoughts & merged in itself. Afterwards on hearing path 
of Sathkarma, it started liking that to follow, therefore there 
is no peace of mind. In these two, which is better, which 
one I shall achieve, please explain. 

Parameshwara told Shanmuka--

My Child ! by both paths liberation can be achieved.
However, path of aversion(virati) 'Arudha Path' is best,
path of Sathkarma which is 'Arurukshu Path' is not as 
good(madhyama). Achieving Arudha Path is very 
difficult, you achieve this path only. If you are able to 
renounce family life which is the key, you can achieve 
Arudha Path, 

Arurukshu needs to do actions(karmas), this yogi carries 
out all actions with spiritual mind & surrenders fruit of 
action to God. Liberation(Moksha) is achieved only if you
renounce samsara(family), with family you cannot achieve 
it. You renounce family, this means you renounce woman.
If you leave woman, it is as good as leaving family. I tell 
this to you on oath(shapatha). Actions carried out without
wife is Nishkama Karma(action without motive, not result 
oriented), actions carried out with wife are Kamya 
Karmas(with motive & result oriented).

These Nishkamana Karmas, Sakamana Karmas, when 
offered to Brahman they become Sathkarmas(good 
actions). Whatever karma it may be, It is best to leave
them. Those who are liberated say to leave karmas &
praise Nirguna( without) attributes.

Nishkamana(without desire) Karma, with woman karma, 
offered to Brahman karma -- these three types of karmas
bring unhappiness. Therefore path of karma itself is not
suitable, we feel.When Yoga becomes stronger, it is 
better to renounce karma. If Yoga has not become
stronger, leaving karma is not good. In any time frame
renouncing karma brings peace & happiness. 

Those who know Garuda(eagle) Mantra, they handle 
cobra without fear, those who do not know that mantra
can they play with cobra ?, same way interest in family 
also. If poison is mixed to five types of tasty rice 
preparations can we eat them ?, same way even after 
knowing family is Brahman only, still this is full of 
unhappiness.

If you play with scorpion because it looks beautiful will
it not bite you ?, a horse looks good but is having bad
vortex like hair,will you buy it ?, house is good but owl
has entered the house, can we live in that house ?,
honey is very sweet, but if it is applied  to the tip of 
arrow can we taste it ? same way even if you are a great
Brahma jnani, you should not be interested in family.
This family is bad for Brahma jnana, against progress
of yoga-dhyana & is death to experience happiness.
A person living with family may look like living happily
but still there will be some source of worry without 
peace. even if he is without vasanas, some vasana will 
remain, if he thinks he is doing nishkamana karma, he
will do kamana karma at least in dream, because even
sathkarma is associated with unhappiness.

Even when both feet have been chained, additionally 
just like cuffing the neck also, along with excessive 
karmas, if matters connected with women are also 
involved, this sathkarma,will it be be of high standard ?
If monkey is fed with hot drinks, can we train that 
monkey to follow instructions ! If a mad man is made 
to eat pills, will his madness go away ? same way by
karmas, will Yoga yield results ? Being fully involved
in karma transactions,if you say "I shall achieve Yoga"
will you be able to retain your concentration, just as
you cannot avoid hit on your head by powdering 
hammer, if you place your head on the base.

If you are living with family & do worship of Brahman
will your mind become pure ? just as coiled cobra round 
the neck will definitely bite you.It is not surprising if a 
blind person falls into a dirty pond,but it won't look good
if a person with eyes falls into a dirty pond, same way,
a person with knowledge, living with family is not good.

Five elements related to five senses cause death of five 
animals getting involved in senses as follows -- 

1) EARTH - Bumble bee dies for SMELL
2) WATER - Fish dies for TASTE
3) FIRE - Moth dies for SIGHT
4) AIR - Elephant dies for TOUCH
5) AKASHA - Deer dies for SOUND(Jnana Sindhu 
                      mentions Cobra dies for SOUND)

When above animals die by only one sense, human 
beings having all the five senses, will they not harm 
them ? reason being, there is no similarity between
Yoga & Sathkarma.

A family person doing Sathkarma, even though not
interested in family just like, lotus leaf in water, 
reflection of sun in water, kumbara worm in mud,
gajaga in ash, matter of family is full of sorrow &
unhappiness.

If you say we all have to live like king Janaka, others
are not having capacity like him.One day all sages
joined together & asked king Janaka," Oh! King,
please show us how you give attention to family ?"
King Janaka agreed & called a person, got his head
shaved,placed a container on his head,filled it full 
with water and told him that he has to walk on the 
main roads & return, without a drop of water spilling
out.Janaka also told him, If water spills out his head 
will be cut off & sent some soldiers behind him to
watch.That person went round the city as per king's 
order & returned.Then king Janaka asked him, where 
his attention was while rounding the city, that person 
repled "on water".Then Janaka addressed the sages 
& told them that, that person's attention was on water
all the time while rounding the city,same way he lives
with his family, keeping his attention on Brahman all 
the time ! The sages became happy & returned to their
places.This state cannot be achieved by ordinary people,
even if they achieve it is full of fear. By Sathkarma Yoga
mainly worries of the mind won't stop, therefore path of
aversion(virati) & dispassion(vairagya) is better.

To go to the city of Moksha, there are two paths called
'Virati' & 'Sathkarma'.There is no problem in the path of
Virati,but in Sathkarma path thieves called wife,children
join & rob Yogi of valuables called knowledge.Yogi who 
is bold, will not get caught by these thieves,reason being
this Sathkarma path is fearsome whereas path of Virati
is safe & you need not fear anybody.

Without being serious simply if you recite"Brahmasmi"
are you able to overcome Maya ? On reciting by mouth
if you experience that state, you really escape from 
Maya.

For Sathkarma 10 weightage points, for actions with 
desire(kamyakarma) weightage points are 8, for Virati
weightage points are 12, for aversion & dispassion
telling "Brahmasmi" is the seal. Path of Virati is best,
path of Sathkarma is full of confusion, therefore you
achieve dispassion(Virakti) & succeed in this path.
Renouncing karma is good, if you are not able to 
renounce karma at least renounce woman. Through
woman all meaningless things happen. Follow 
celibacy(brahmacharya) become Paramahamsa &
climb the path of Arudha.

This should not be told to bad people, dullards,those
who blame others, people full of lust, said Shankara.
Karthkeya on hearing this experienced bliss & started 
praying lotus feet of Shankara.



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Tuesday, 12 May 2015

SATHKARMA YOGA - FOR PEOPLE WITH FAMILY

-- YOGA OF GOOD ACTIONS
(SATHKARMA YOGA PRAKARANA)

THIS YOGA IS FOR THOSE WHO LIVE WITH FAMILY.
IN THIS CHAPTER AUTHOR EXPLAINS, ACTIONS 
CARRIED OUT WITH SELFISH MOTIVE, EXPECTING 
DESIRED RESULTS -- ie., KAMYA KARMA ANUSTANA
THIS IS NOT GOOD TO ACHIEVE LIBERATION OR 
TO MAKE PROGRESS IN SPIRITUALITY.

HOWEVER BY DOING GOOD DEEDS OF CHARITY & 
OFFERING ALL ACTIONS AT THE FEET OF BRAHMAN 
ALONG WITH AVERSION, DISPASSION TOWARDS 
ENJOYMENTS OF THE WORLD IS SATHKARMA ANUSTANA
THIS SATHKARMA YOGA LEADS TO LIBERATION.
THIS YOGA IS VERY SUITABLE FOR PEOPLE LIVING 
WITH FAMILY. AUTHOR EVEN GIVES TIME TABLE 
FOR A DAY TO FOLLOW SATHKARMA YOGA.

COMMENTS ON OLD SHASTRA RITUALS LIKE 
OBLATION TO FOREFATHERS etc. ARE THE OPINION 
OF THE ORIGINAL AUTHOR AVADHUTHA 
NISHCHALANANDA, WE HAVE ONLY TRANSLATED IT 
FROM KANNADA TO ENGLISH. WE HAVE NO 
INTENTION TO HURT THE SENTIMENTS OF PEOPLE 
WHO FOLLOW OLD SHASTRA RITUALS WHICH IS 
BEING CARRIED OUT GENERATIONS AFTER 
GENERATIONS.

RAMANA MAHARSHI ON KARMA

Work done with an attitude of offering to the Lord 
and without any expectation helps in purification of 
mind and thereby to realization of the Self.

Action can be done through the three instruments 
of body, words and mind. The actions done with 
the body is inferior to actions performed with words. 
Actions performed with the words are inferior to 
actions done with the mind. Action done with body 
is Pooja or worship, action done with words are 
japa or chanting, action done with mind is 
meditation or contemplation.

Service of the world is the service of the eight-form 
God(The Deity form of the Lord is said to appear in 
eight varieties — stone, wood, metal, earth, paint, 
sand, the mind or jewels), with the idea and 
conviction that everything is God alone.

Meditation or contemplation is superior to both 

praises and chanting in loud or low volume.

SATHKARMA YOGA -- FOR PEOPLE WITH FAMILY
(SATHKARMA YOGA PRAKARANA)



Parameshwara teaching Shanmuga


'Parameshwara teaching Shanmuga' postings are based on
'Jnana Sindhu' writings of great CHIDANANDA AVADHUTHA 
of very high spiritual level based on VEDANTHA
(UPANISHATHS). He had given the copy of the book to the 
parents of a future Avadhutha even before the baby was 
born, telling parents Goddess will take birth as their son & 
to give the book to the boy when he would be twelve 
year old, who is destined to become an Avadhutha by name 
AJATHA NAGALINGA SWAMY at NAVALAGUNDHA 
in north Karnataka.

Shanmukha told Parameshwara --

Shanmukha with folded hands told, Swami !,You  explained
path of liberation to Yogis who rejected this world as unreal,
but those who live with family, how they can get salvation &
become jeevamukthas,please explain the path they have to 
follow. 

Parameshwara told Shanmuka--

My Baby !, For Yogis who have dispassion,aversion 
towards this world, achieve liberation quickly. Now I shall 
explain, path of liberation to those who live with family 
as given in vedas.

First I shall tell you about doing actions with selfish motive,
mind concentrated on fruits of action called
"Kamya karma anustana" & in next chapter I shall explain 
to you doing good actions called " Sath karma anustana"
Kamya karma is bad. Sath karma is good. Kamya karma 
leads to birth, death and sorrow. Sath karma leads to 
liberation. In vedas Karmas are divided into 3 types, they
are --
1) Karma
2) Akarma
3) Vkarma

1) Karma means it should be as per method told in vedas.
2) Akarma means actions not being carried out.
3) Vkarma means actions which are against Fate.

Previous births vasanas are called 'Sanchitha'
Prarabdha means enjoying the fruits of actions of previous
births ie.,Sanchitha phala. Actions(Karmas) due to 
Sanchitha Phala is the cause for initiation of actions.
People get entrapped in these karmas, under go heaps of
sorrow & if they come across slight happiness,they forget
themselves. By bad intellect, worldly people get attracted 
by lust,money etc.,& carry out Kamya Karma, resulting in 
repeated births,visiting Swarga,Naraka etc.

"Aputhrasya gathirnasti"(If you don't have a son,you don't 
get a place in Swarga) holding on to this weak sentence
of shruthi, getting married, making lust play with wife,
aspiring to get a son, they tire themselves & suffer. wishing
to continue line of family with a son, praying to all types of 
Gods, performing 'Putra Kamesti' homas,with great difficulty
get children."By son you get gathi(place in Swarga)" is
height of ignorance. Gathi is by your own actions & how 
can it be from others ? Meaning of the word 'Gathi' is
for 'Swarga' only & not for Moksha(Liberation). Enjoyment
of Swarga is temporary & full of jealousy. 

Everyone in Satkarma recites first,"Asmakam saha 
kutumbanam kshema stairya ayur arogya Lakshmi 
praptyartam" meaning ," For our all inclusive family to get
peace,boldness,long life span, health, richness,money"
this way thinking in mind, carrying out actions accordingly
they are entrapped & get tired.

People go to Thirtha Kshethras for the well being of their
Father in the next birth, to be happy, not to be blind, not to 
be without legs, they take bath thinking thus in mind & dip
in holy water, bringing sorrow of rebirth to their Father.

Believing dead forefathers will actually come & partake
offerings they bring brahmins for chanting,wear their sacred 
threads in reverse order, prepare variety of sweets & feed 
them to satisfy brahmins during Shradha. Using til seeds, 
darbha grass offer pithru tarpana in flowing river water, 
til seeds are eaten by fishes, darbha grass goes away in 
flowing water.By this, how dead forefathers get satisfied ? 

Even after doing many yagas Swarga(Heaven) has not 
been seen , then only by telling during Shradha how 
Pithru's can see Swarga(Heaven).It is similar to the saying 
that when crab told about the loose character of frog,people 
who have assembled there spoiled the water puddle. 

If the husband dies wife's head is shaved, what sin wife's 
head has committed in the death of husband ? Body & 
intellect of a couple are altogether different. If you 
analyse who is husband ?, who is wife ? Without knowing 
jiva torture is the greatest sin, wife enters pyre of 
husband, burning herself goes to Hell only.These are 
all due to wrong doing of dull intellect. Shruthis tell 
that husband can become son of wife, in subsequent births.

Saying animal sacrifice in yajna(fire sacrifice) has 
acceptance in Shruthis & with the intention to go to Heaven, 
they torture animals by offering to fire. Due to this sin, 
person who wished to go to Heaven will be born as animal 
& animal will be born as that man. Even if he goes to 
Heaven till punya(fruit of actions of merit) is exhausted, 
then he will go to Hell only.

People arrange to dig wells to provide water to poor people, 
thinking  they earn punya. If somebody falls to that well 
& dies, that sin goes to whom ?A person who aspires to 
earn punya should also be ready to earn papa also. 
Same thing applies to building temples,growing trees 
with the intention to earn punya(sakamana karma meaning 
action done with desire for its fruits).It is better to carryout 
all actions without any desire for its fruits brings peace, with 
desire for its fruits always brings unhappiness. 

By taking bath in thirthas(holy water pond) intending to earn 
punya, their sins have not reduced.Only dirt of body got 
cleaned. A poisonous variety of pumpkin, even if you 
wash in any number of thirthas, will its poison go away ? 
Same way kamana  karmas(actions with desire) by taking 
any number of baths,dirt of the mind will not be cleaned.
By repeated thirtha baths results in fruit of action as loose 
motion,cough,breathlessness, phlegm, temperature, 
headache & nothing else. This way following desirous shruitis.
taking interest in desirous actions, take repeated births 
deaths, go in endless cycles.

My Child ! Just like rows of teeth, there are many actions 
with desire(kamya karmas).I mentioned them briefly  
You think & decide which of them are best & which of 
them are not good, also think such actions result in 
what 'gathi' position in Heaven or Hell to the person 
who carried out those actions.

Then there comes a time in that kamya karma interested 
persons life, due to previous birth good deeds, he starts
taking interest in understanding meaning of Upanishad's
sayings, gets Bhakthi supported by full knowledge, he 
sees whole world as Brahman only & starts offering all 
his actions to Athma. He sees Brahman in wife,son,
relatives,friends, and all others.

He will perform all worldly rituals like yaga(fire offerings), 
thapas(meditation), worship,morning & evening prayers
(sandhya vandana),water oblation(tharpana), homa(fire 
offerings for family gains), shraddha, bath, cleanliness of 
body, vratha (penance made on particular days), puja to 
God -- as an offering to Brahman. 

He will give in charity gift(dana) to poor house,land,money,
cloth, cooked rice,education, cow, girl in marriage
(kanya dana). He will build for public utility --
temple,well,pond,temple tower,chathra where free
distribution of food is made, aravattige where free water is 
made available to drink, providing comforts for guests, 
he will offer all these actions to Brahman.

He will get up in Brahmi Muhurtha(morning 4 to 6 AM)
do meditation, then at sun rise sandhya vandana,he
will eat at noon,then he will study adhyathma(spiritual)
tattva shastras, during sunset do offering of arghya to
sun god, then do puja & sing bhajans to God till late in
night & then go to sleep.

This way doing karmas(actions) everyday & offering all 
actions to Brahman, thinking about Athma, Anathma he
will attain liberation.

How image of the face in mirror has no connection with
mirror,same way this Sathkarmi Yogi(yogi of good deeds)
becomes disinterested in family. For onlookers even 
though he is seen as family man, actually he is like 
reflection of sun in water, Molucca seed(Gajuga seed)
fallen in dry ash, how water does not stick to lotus leaf,
kumbara hula(a type of worm) in mud ie., not getting
influenced by surroundings of family environment.
This Sathkarmi Yogi, being inside family, not affected
by happiness or unhappiness of sexual lust etc., offering 
all his actions at the feet of Brahman, he lives happily.

 All Shruthis praise karmas(actions) as great. Among
karmas SATHKARMA is the greatest. This is also called 
as Thapo Yajna meaning thapas offered to fire as oblation. 
Kamya karmas(actions with desire) are explained in 
shruthis only to unintelligent dullards & not for good 
Jnanis.

Kashyapa,Vasista,Shukra,Agasthya,Brahaspathi,
Paulasthya,Vishvamitra,Jamadagni,etc. sages taught 
their disciples Sathkarma Yoga(yoga of good actions), 
whole world is interested in karmas(actions) You 
cannot leave karmas, karma is  beginning less. Among 
karmas Sathkarma is the greatest, to know Brahman, 
this is the best path to follow. For those who follow 
Nishkama Karma, Karmas will not create problem. 
Kamya Karmi gets Heaven(Swarga),whereas
Nishkama Karmi gets liberated(Moksha).

Nishkama Karma is main measuring scale of shruthi.
This path has acceptance of all shastras. By this 
Sathkarma Yoga even if liberation is not achieved in
this birth, you will achieve liberation positively in next
birth. This has no bandhana(entrapment),even if 
bandhana is seen, it will not bring unhappiness & he
will merge in Athma. This Sathkarma Yogi without 
getting interested in family, having aversion,dispassion,
dislike,disgust towards world & its ways,leading family 
life,playing with lady of Moksha, he will travel on a 
horse of real happiness at high speed.

This way being in family also, getting liberation is one path. 
With detachment of every one, by high aversion & 
dispassion following Raja Yoga getting liberation is 
another path.

My Child ! I explained to you Sathkarma Yoga, you follow 
the path which you like best.There are two paths called 
ARUDHA & ARURUKSHU. This Sathkarma path is 
that of ARURUKSHU.

This knowledge should not be told to bad, low level,
dullards,showyee people.This way Shankara who is
immersed in Happiness,explained path of Liberation to
people living with family, to help people of this world.
On hearing this, Shanmukha attained bliss & praying the
lotus feet of Shankara, sat in meditation.
  


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