('YOGA OF MEDITATION DECIDED CHAPTER' OF
HERE THE TERM HATA YOGA, DOES NOT MEAN
STANDING IN ONE LEG OR PUNISHING PART OF
BODY, TO ATTAIN CONCENTRATION OF MIND, AS
WE NORMALLY KNOW IT. 'HATA' MEANS REPEATED
EFFORTS TO FULFIL ONE'S DESIRES,WITHOUT
BUDGING OR RELAXING, KEEPING THE MIND FIRM
ON GOAL, TILL THE RESULTS ARE ACHIEVED.
AUTHOR AVADHUTHA NISHCHALANANDA HAS USED
THIS TERM 'HATA' FOR CONTROLLING - BODY,
WAVERING MIND, DIRECTION OF THOUGHT TO
ACHIEVE, BRAHMACHARYA, SAMADHI STATE.
WE WOULD LIKE TO REITERATE HERE ONCE AGAIN
THAT IF YOU HAVE PREVIOUS BIRTH EFFORTS
IN THIS YOGA, YOU WILL NOT UNDER GO PROGRESS
CHAKRA BY CHAKRA AS EXPLAINED HERE. IN A
SUITABLE DIVINE POWER PRESENCE KUNDALINI
AWAKENING AUTOMATICALLY TAKES PLACE WITHOUT
THE EXPERIENCE OF INDIVIDUAL CHAKRAS, BUT
EXPERIENCING SAHASRARA ENCOMPASSMENT
BY KUNDALINI WITH OR WITHOUT TRIGGERS SUCH
AS BHAJAN, SHLOKA RECITATION, BHAKTI,
WITNESSING OR HEARING POWER OF GOD, RITUAL OF
PUJA, MEDITATION ON GOD, PERFECT RHYTHMIC
MUSIC AS PER THALA ETC.
IN THE NEXT CHAPTER HE HAS DEALT WITH
'HATA RAJA YOGA PRAKARANA' WHICH IS
MEDITATION BASED ON MIND CONCENTRAION,
KEEPING EYES FIXED ON A POINT ie.,DRISHTI MULA
(SOURCE BASED ON SIGHT). HENCE OUR NEXT
POSTING WILL BE 'HATA RAJA YOGA PRAKARANA'
OF JNANA SINDHU.
|33 Jyotis from Muladhara Chakra to Sahasrara|
-- Awakening of Kundalini Shakti as shown
by Goddess Mahalakshmi on Lemon
Awakening of Kundalini Shakti as shown by
Goddess Mahalakshmi on Lemon
'HATA YOGA NIRNAYA PRAKARANA' OF JNANA
('YOGA OF MEDITATION DECIDED CHAPTER' OF
Parameshwara teaching Shanmuga
Please explain HATA YOGA CHARACTERISTICS
based on Breath Control(Vayu Mula).
retention,exhalation of breathing air) along with Gayathri
Gayathri Mantra is having 37 syllables.
om bhur bhuvah svah
bhargo devasya dhimahi
dhiyo yo nah prachodayat
Meaning of Gayatri Mantra --
The most literal meaning of gayatri is, “Let us meditate
on the light of the sun which represents God, and may
our thoughts be inspired by that divine light.”
First line - om bhur bhuvah svah is not actually part of
Gayathri meter. Therefore the 3 lines of Gayathri are -
1) tat-savitur varenyam
2) bhargo devasya dhimahi
3) dhiyo yo nah prachodayat
Each line containing 8 syllables & 3 lines totally making
The first part of the gayatri mantra, om bhur bhuvah svah,
is called vyahriti or the “great utterance,” and it is always
repeated along with the mantra.
So Gayathri Mantra contains 24 syllables, to this by adding
Vyahritis it becomes 37 syllables. This Gayathri Mantra is
having 12 steps --
1) bhur - earth
3) svah - heaven
slowly through right nostril, retain it in Heart Lotus for
sometime & then through left nostril(closing the right nostril),
release air outside very slowly.(Some books specify
proportion of time duration for inhalation is 1 Unit, retention
as 2 Units & exhalation as 4 Units. There may be variations
in this proportion depending upon one's experience.)
Inhalation of air is called as 'Puraka', retention of air is called
as 'Kumbhaka' & exhalation of air is called as 'Rechaka'.
Rechaka is form of Fate(Brahma-Vidhi), Puraka is form of
Vishnu & Kumbhaka is form of Rudra, One who achieves this
Pranayama becomes in four directions, King of this World.
This Pranayama, like movement of ant(pipeelika) slowly,
slowly increasing, path of Yoga should be achieved.
In our body there are Seventy Two Thousand Nadis. Among
these One Hundred Nadis are main ones.Among these Ten
Nadis are prominent. Among these Ida & Pingala are good
ones, Other than the above two, Sushumna Nadi(spinal chord)
is great. Tying down all Nadis, closing all Nine openings, in
the nose through Ida,Pingala openings(left & right nostrils)
making air 'Rechaka', 'Puraka' & making 'Kumbhaka' in
Sushumna Nadi, kingdom of Athmananda(bliss of Self) is
Nadis are spread all over body like layers of onion.
You have to fill air in them slowly. In this matter, you should
do this very intelligently. You should carry this out under the
guidance of a good Guru. In Yoga vidya there are secret
trigger points, which should be told to the sadhaka secretly.
THE CHAKRAS & SUBTLE SYSTEM CHART --
Shimshumara Chakra is not shown in these charts.
When air is filled in all Nadis all over the body, first air comes
to (Mula)Adhara Chakra which is located at the anus region.
Four lotus petals, Krishna varna(assumed as dark colour,
bluish, however other books on the subject specify the colour
as yellow). Four bijaksharas of sound are va, sha(higher
note), sha(lower note), sa. Lord of this chakra is Vighneshwara.
From there(leaving the above chakra), when air is moved up,
there is another chakra called as 'Swadhistana' located at
the region of reproductive organ(linga sthana). bluish colour,
having Six lotus petals, Six bijaksharas - ba,bha,ma,ya,ra,la.
Lord of this chakra is Four faced Brahma(not to be confused
with formless Brahman)
MORE INFORMATION from other sources
This has 10 lotus petals. Sound of 10 letters(aksharas) -
Da,Dha,na,ta,tha,da,dha,na,pa,pha. Lord of this chakra
After experiencing the enjoyment of this chakra, when you
go forward, you reach 'Anahatha Chakra'. Location of this
chakra is at spiritual heart. This chakra has colour of fire.
There are 12 lotus petals. Sound of 12 letters - ka,kha,ga,
gha,nga,cha,chha,ja,jha,jna,ta,tha. emanates from this chakra.
Lord of this chakra is Rudra or Shiva, who is holding bow by
the name Pinaka. In this chakra 10 sounds(Dasha Nadas)
are generated, they are --
(Name Anahatha is due to, Yogi experiences Nada(OMKARA)
ie.,sound vibrations non-stop,continuous,without break when
Kundalini reaches this chakra)
After experiencing the previous chakra,when Yogi goes
forward,Vishuddhi Chakra is seen. Location of this
chakra is neck. Colour is Brown. It has16 Lotus Petals.
Sounds of 16 letters(aksharas) -
(NOTE: i, av - are also given, then it becomes 18 aksharas,
other books on the subject do not specify -i,av, please note)
specify PANCHA VAKRA SHIVA who has 5 faces - Aghora,
MORE INFORMATION from other sources
SadaShiva is called as the 'eternal Shiva'.He has a square
Above Ajna Chakra there is Thousand Petaled Chakra called
as SAHASRARA CHAKRA which is facing downwards.This
is enveloped by bright shining light & full of ineumerable colours.
From every petal 'Amruth'(A very tasty liquid when drunk
overcomes death - elixir) is pouring down. Even for Lord Indra
(Jambhari), King of Heaven, it is impossible to drink this
Amrutha. Without Grace of Shankara it is impossible to enter
this Chakra. In whichever direction you see, it is filled with only
bright light(Prabha), after experiencing this that Yogi himself
becomes 'Form Of Light'(Jyothi Rupa).In this location of the
Chakra, Yogi achieves Jeevan-Muktha State & also the state
beyond Three(Satva,Rajas,Thamas) Gunas. Sound emanating
from this Chakra is OMKARA NADA, Amrutha is Bindu, Bright
Light is KALE. Yogi who experiences these Nada, Bindu, Kale
himself becomes Para-Brahman(GOD). This state
is called as Thuriya State(Natural Bliss State OF SOUL).
Sound of Bells. Amrutha Dayini is giver of Amruth.
Shri Valaya is Virata.
( Someone has mentioned there is another chakra above
Sri Valaya called PRADAKSHINA, only for information of our readers)
body.Some books claim that a Yogi's Soul leaves the body
through this hole at his will, along with recitation of OMKARA.
above Sahasrara. Here author Avadhutha Nishchalananda
claims Shimshumara Chakra is above Brahma Randhra.
Shimshumara Chakra. Yogi experiences Thuriathitha State in
this Chakra which is the highest bliss state,a Videha Muktha
experiences in Samadhi State. Yogi, who achieves this state,
how much Punya(good deeds), he should have done !! The
Bliss experienced here cannot be explained to others & is
beyond others imagination. Here Yogi sees bright light of
Hundred Crore Suns !! To achieve this, great
difficulties have to be overtaken.
Here you hear unending sound of bells. Brahma Randhra
is filled with OMKARA NADA which has no beginning or
ending. By hearing this Pranava Sound, all sorrows,
unhappiness of life come to an end.
My Child ! Divine Thing which exists from the very beginning,
is seen in 3 ways as Virat,Swarat,Virata. In Chakras Virat,
in Brahma Randhra Swarat & in Shimshumara Virata is seen
has been agreed by Shuthis. Yogis after keeping their feet on
the path of Shimshu only, go to get liberation ! With which
vasana Yogi leaves this Chakra, accordingly he goes to
Kailasa, Vykuntha, Sathya Loka, Thapo Loka etc. By this
Yoga practice,which form Yogi thinks, that divine form
appears in front of him. In anger, which direction he sees
that direction gets burnt by Fire. This is the greatness
(mahima) of Yoga.
Vishwamitra,Gauthama,Agasthya,Markandeya etc. sages
came to be known as having great Sathva Guna shalis.
By doing Yoga without any vasanas, they became King of
all Lokas. If you also follow them, you will also become
that Great Divine Thing. By doing this Yoga, Eight great
Supernatural Powers stand in front of you with folded
hands.Those with strong mind should not fall for them,
if they fall, they become unfit to follow Yoga path.
Eight great Supernatural powers are --
1) Anima - becoming small.
2) Mahima - becoming Big.
3) Garima - knowing everything.
4) Laghima - behaving against normal.
5) Prapthi - getting what he wants.
6) Prakamya - giving what others wish.
7) Eshatva - becoming King like.
8) Vashithva - making everybody behave as he wants.
These 8 Maha Siddhis fulfil the Yogi's wish who has no
desire to use them. Devathas(residing in Indra Loka)
please these Maha Siddhis & carry out lot of actions.
For a Yogi who is Shiva's form has no benefit by these
By the greatness of this Yoga, desire, lust, anger, ego,
Asta Pasha - aversion, shame, pity, suspicion,hatred,
(8 tying down
aspects) family,character, community.
Asta Mada - Teen age(yauvana), education(vidya),
(eight egos) body beauty(rupa),cast(kula), money
(dhana), following shstras(anustana),
Vyasana Bhrama - body(thanu), mind(mana), money(dhana),
(7 Vyasanas - world(vishva), servant(sevaka), full of
Shad Vikara - Existence, Birth, Growth, Change, Decay &
(6 Stages of Death.
Ishana Thraya - Desire for Wealth, Wife & Son
Thapa Trayas - Three types of problems generating heat
(worries) From Body(adi bhouthika), from
external sources(adi Deivika), worries of
Avastha Thraya - 3 States of man
waking state(jagrith avastha),dream state
(swapna avastha), deep sleep state
lust of sex, problems giving pain to body & mind, fear of
death, wrong imagination of jeeva affecting activities of all
organs, all will come to an end.
In whichever direction you see, kingdom of happiness, light
of inner jyothi, is seen. All things are seen as form of Brahman.
Yogi becomes witness to every thing & is beyond birth,death.
This Yoga if practised for 3 months you hear sound vibrations
of OMKARA(Nada). In the 4th month you see Devathas(Suras)
In the 5th month Chakra knowledge dawns. In the 6th month
Yogi becomes Real(Sakshath) Divine Thing.
If this Yoga is done for a duration of 2 Ghalige(2 x 24mts.)
'Kumbhaka' ie. retention of air, he gets Yoga knowledge.Out
of this,in the first Galige, Nada starts, in the next haif Galige
Nada ends & Brahma Sakshathkara(Divine experience)
Yogi who practices this Yoga should take suitable food, indulge
in restricted activities, sufficient sleep, concentrate on tip of
nose, day & night practice Yoga, that Yogi achieves liberation.
If this is carried out with Guru's guidance, it gives desired
results. If practised without Guru's guidance, he lands in
forest without direction.
Therefore MY SON ! With full of dispassion, practice this
Yoga in my presence. This path is called as Pipeelika(ant)
path & also called as Hata Yoga. Yogi who achieves this Yoga,
this is Divine State, this is place of Liberation.
This should not be told to, those who does bad deeds, who
deceive others, bad persons & who argue body is soul.
Hearing, reading this is auspicious, also for dispassion,
knowledge & liberation. This is auspicious if you think of this
even in dream. Thus, when Shankara told, Shanmukha
immersed in Happiness, with eyes full of tears of joy, started
praying feet of Shiva, in his lotus heart.